Acne Scars

Acne Scars – Diagnosis Treatment & Removal

Acne Scars

For individuals who battle with occasional acne and especially for those who are victims of consistent severe acne, how to get rid of acne scars is an important question. Acne scars are often dark areas of skin, sometimes sunken in and other times raised up above the skin layer. In worst cases, they can be very painful and significantly limit the mobility of the area of the body in which they occur.

Acne Scars​ Cause

Acne scars are the result of infections in the pores of the skin that damaged the internal structures of the pore and sometimes the surface of the skin surrounding the pore. To get rid of acne scars, it is important to attack the problem right away, before the acne becomes severe enough to cause a scar. However, this is not always possible and does not always work. When you are forced to deal with acne scars, there are some options that can help you get rid of them.

Types of Acne Scars

Before exploring the options however, it is important to identify which type of acne scars you need to get rid of. The most common type of acne scars are ice pick scars. These are deep depressions in the skin that, if viewed from the side, would look like little “v” marks in the skin. Another common acne scar is the boxcar scar, which from the side is shaped like a box. On the skin’s surface, boxcar scars look like divots.

 

Rolling acne scars are rounded at the base, but also depressed into the skin’s surface like ice pick and boxcar scars. On the surface of the skin, rolling scars create the illusion of lumps or bumps on the skin because of the surrounding healthy skin. Only one type of scar, the hypertrophic scar, is raised above the skin surface. These are also one of the more difficult types to get rid of.

 

Another type of problem you might face when trying to get rid of acne scars is hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation is the discoloration of the skin caused by healed acne lesions. The skin may be bright red, brown, or purple. The good news is, there are also ways to get rid of discoloration in the skin.

Acne Scars – How to Cover?

Ways to Get Rid of Acne Scars

There are plenty of ways to get rid of acne scars, not all acne scars can be treated without surgery. A surgical procedure known as excision is the most effective method to get rid of acne scars because a doctor cuts the scar tissue away from the skin and allows the skin to heal again. Usually, stitches or a skin graft are placed over the new wound to promote healing a way that minimizes scarring.

Over-the-counter creams are a great way to get rid of acne scars and discoloration. Products like Mederma® can help eliminate the appearance of scars. Several home remedies offer the same benefit: including honey and lemon juice.

Another surgical procedure known as minor surgical procedure works by promoting new scar tissue growth underneath the top layer of the scar; therefore, pushing the tissue closer to the surface. This works well on most depressed types of scars. Instead of cutting out the scar tissue however, a doctor will insert a needle into the scar at an angle and detach the internal structure of the scar from the base of the pore, allowing the new collagen to fill in the void.

Laser treatments work similarly to minor surgical procedure and damage the scar tissue deep within the scar. To get rid of the acne scars, lasers cause new collagen to form in the voids caused by the lasers and can effectively raise pitted scars to the level of the skin’s surface.

Injections are sometimes used in conjunction with minor surgical procedure. After the scar tissue has been disconnected under the surface of the scar, doctors can inject a filler (known as a dermal filler) into the void to raise the scar to surface level. Most commonly, dermal fillers are made up of collagen or silicone. In some cases, the patient’s own body fat can be used as a filler.

Other medical treatments that do not involve cutting the scar can be carried out in a dermatologist’s office. Abrasion techniques (microdermabrasion and dermabrasion) are used to sand down any excess collagen that has caused a scar to be raised above the skin. (Also known as a hypertrophic scar.) Chemical peels work in a similar fashion but employ acidic chemicals for the purpose of peeling away the top layer of skin. (These are effective with discoloration as well.)

Subcision for Acne Scars

Subcision is a medical procedure with which a doctor or dermatologist may try to reduce the appearance of acne scars on the skin. Subcision may take several procedures to get rid of acne scars and does not work for every person. It is only used for cases in which the acne scars are pitted, which includes ice pick scars, rolling scars, and box car scars.
When severe acne breaks out on the skin’s surface, there is a much deeper infection that occurs within the pore. Deep in the pores, the structures and tissues surrounding hair follicles and sweat glands can become severely damaged. In response to this damage, the body naturally sends out collagen proteins to replace the broken tissues. As collagen fills the damaged tissue, the fibbers in the collagen connect.
Because the damage occurs deep in the pore, scar tissues on the top of the wound are drawn down into the pore by the underlying scar tissue. This creates the pock marks associated with most acne scarring.
Additionally, a surface scar appears because the fibres in this new collagen are not connected in basket weave pattern like normal surrounding skin, making the scar appear different than other skin. To get rid of the acne scars, doctors typically address both the level of the scar tissue in comparison with the surrounding skin and the colour or physical appearance of the scar.
During the subcision procedure, the doctor will insert a small device, usually a special needle, to create a void beneath the upper layer of the acne scar. (Although little to no pain is incurred during the procedure thanks to local anesthesia, some pain may be felt during healing.) When the skin begins to heal, this void fill and the upper layer of the acne scar can become level with the skin’s surface over them.

How Subcision Works? Get Rid of Acne Scars

Doctors may use subcision alone to get rid of acne scars that are not deeply drawn into the pores of the skin. When the doctor uses a needle to disconnect the upper layers of scar tissue with the deeper parts of the pore, a void is created in the middle. The body naturally fills this void with new tissue (collagen proteins) and the upper layer of the scar tissue is raised as the void heals.
In cases of deeper acne scarring, it may take an injection to help get rid of the acne scar. Doctors have at their disposal several substances known as “dermal fillers” that can quickly do what the body would naturally do. Dermal fillers quickly fill the void left by subcision and can further raise the level of the scar. They also allow doctors greater control over the collagen filling process.
Dermal fillers that help to get rid of acne scars may be comprised of silicone, fat, or collagens. They are almost exclusively used following a subcision procedure to prevent any negative effects on the appearance of the skin. (Using only a filler can leave the surface uneven.)

Clearing Up Your Acne Scars

Acne scars can be embarrassing, so learning how to clear acne scars might be a top priority for you. If you want to clear acne scars from your face, back, neck, or chest, it is important to first understand your options so that you choose the best course of treatment for your specific situation. A fact about acne scars: they are permanent unless surgically removed. Most doctors will only perform surgery to remove acne scars if the person is experiencing limited mobility or pain as a result of the scars. However, cosmetic surgeons can be scheduled to perform surgery for others.
Unless you can afford expensive cosmetic surgery however, you are left with the next best way to clear acne scars: improvement. Without surgery, it is impossible to completely get rid of an acne scar. However, there are plenty of ways in which to clear up acne scar appearance on the skin. (This means that even though the scars are still present, they become much less visible to the naked eye.)
Some methods to clear acne scars involve an appointment with your dermatologist, while others need little more than a trip to your kitchen. It all depends on the severity of the scar and how long the scar has been present in the skin. When it comes to clearing up an acne scar, sooner is better. Once the scar forms and is healed (no more scabbing and peeling), it is safe to begin treating the scar. Older scars take much longer to clear up and will not always improve. When older scars do clear up, it happens after months and even years of treatment.

Agents that Clear Acne Scars

Starting with the most invasive and expensive options, a dermatologist can clear acne scars with abrasion procedures. Microdermabrasion is a popular form of skin evening and is sometimes called the “lunchtime procedure” because it takes very little time and leaves no visible trace that anything was done. It is a very superficial sanding of the skin that takes away the top layer of dead skin cells so that new cells can grow. While not effective immediately, multiple microdermabrasion sessions can help to clear acne scars.
Another abrasion procedure is called dermabrasion, and it is more invasive. With this procedure, a doctor uses a special sandpaper or drill to sand away the top layer of skin. If that sounds like a painful way to clear acne scars, you’re right. For severe scarring, the sanding can be deep, and the person will need to wear bandages for several days after the procedure.
Less expensive methods to clear up acne scars that can be done at home include using a scar removal cream (like Mederma®) or vitamin E oil to change the texture and appearance of the scar. Lemon juice mixed with herbs can also help change the texture and appearance of scars while lightening any dark pigmentation that has occurred on the skin. Similarly, honey is often used in home remedies to clear acne scars.

Make Acne Scars Fade

It is possible to fade acne scars over time by using some of the best methods of acne scar treatment available both over the counter and in most kitchens. To fade acne scars, we need to change the overall texture, colour, and appearance of the acne scar. While removing an acne scar is only possible through surgery (which leaves a smaller scar in its place), fading an acne scar results in improved appearance and the illusion that there is no difference between the scar tissue and the normal tissue that surrounds it.
It is noteworthy that to fade an acne scar, one must be patient. Even the most expensive acne scar creams out there take time to work. Mederma®, a popular scar cream often recommended by doctors following any type of surgery and by dermatologists for acne scars, can take several weeks to produce any noticeable improvement in the appearance of a scar.
Regardless of the method used to fade acne scars, it is important to test a small area of the skin that is well-hidden to ensure that no allergic reaction will occur. While most creams will not cause contact dermatitis, it is a skin condition in which more acne can form and the skin can become inflamed. Inflammation is a leading cause for new scars when it comes to acne so it should be avoided.
Additionally, fading acne scars can produce undesirable results in some skin types. For example, some skin types are more susceptible to sun damage. These skin types may be more likely to get sunburned while using a product that is developed to fade acne scars. Alternatively, lemon juice (a common home remedy) causes skin lightening. This is good if the scar is too dark but should be used carefully on the surrounding skin.

Solutions to Fade Acne Scars

Acne scar creams are one of the most popular ways to reduce the appearance and fade acne scars. The most popular brand might be Mederma®, but there are several other types including Pronexin acne cream; Acnevva, a product that leverages tea tree oil; and Revitol acne scar cream, which is part of the Proactive series of acne care products.
Vitamin E oil may also help to improve the elasticity of scar tissue, which can ultimately help to fade acne scar appearance. Home remedies that are popular include lemon juice, honey, and tea tree oil as part of an herbal mixture that changes the appearance of the scar tissue on its uppermost layer.
Medical procedures are available that may also help to fade acne scars. Microdermabrasion can provide an overall evening of the skin’s appearance and is often used as a cosmetic procedure to prevent acne from developing into scar-producing lesions. Dermabrasion is a more invasive procedure in which doctors use a special type of sandpaper or diamond dusted drill to exfoliate the upper layer of skin. This is a painful procedure but is sometimes necessary for scars that are raised above the skin’s surface and those that may come with cystic acne.

Get Rid of Back Acne Scars

Back acne scars can be unsightly and painful areas of the back, where the skin stretches with just about every human movement. There are a few options for getting rid of back acne scars, though only one completely removes the scar tissue. The others work well to reduce the appearance of scars and can make scars less painful for the individual. It is important to remember that acne scars on the back are often deep, so it can take a variety of treatments to fully get rid of back acne scars.

Treatments to Get Rid of Back Acne Scars

Back acne scars are often more severe than acne scars on other parts of the body. This is mostly since the pores on a person’s back run much deeper than any other part of the body because the skin is usually much thicker. As a result, hidden acne beneath the surface of the skin has a greater chance of becoming cystic and infected. Nodules on the back and cystic pimples can be very painful blemishes that require heavy antibiotics and strong topical treatments to overcome.
Once the severe cystic acne ruptures, it leaves behind a large and deep open cavity – a new wound that must now heal. Acne scars can be depressed or pulled down so that they appear to be holes or craters in the skin. In individuals with back acne scars, this is often the case when the scar tissue inside the pore pulls down on all of the other tissue and forms a deep pit. Because the damage originates so deep in the skin’s layers, back acne scars are often the most difficult types of acne scars to treat.
Excision is sometimes necessary to treat back acne scars. This is a surgical procedure in which a doctor completely removes the acne scar, taking out all of the scar tissue deep within the pore. While this does leave a new wound in its place, the healing process can be better controlled when an excision is performed.
Doctors may suture the new wound, so that the scar that forms afterwards is much smaller in comparison to the apparent cystic acne scar that was in the area. Additionally, a skin graft can be placed on top of the new wound to give the appearance of smooth skin.
When cystic back acne results in hypertrophic scarring (scars that are above the level of the skin’s surface), dermatologists may use microdermabrasion or dermabrasion to treat the back-acne scars. These procedures employ exfoliating materials to scrub away the scar tissue and make the blemish even with the surrounding tissue. This can be painful to varying degrees for some individuals.
For moderate scarring, individuals can try a cream that will help make the scar tissue more elastic and less apparent by evening out the texture and color of the back-acne scar. Many at home remedies may also work, although they are unlikely to work to treat severe cystic acne scars.

How to Heal Acne Scars

Acne scars are the result of the body’s healing process, so in this sense they are already healed. However, you can help the body further heal the acne wound by making it easier for the collagen and skin that makes up the acne scar to take on the appearance of normal healthy skin.
Normal skin is “put together” by millions of interconnected fibbers known as collagen proteins. In normal skin development (such as renewal), these fibbers are criss-crossed and woven together much like a basket is woven from a material. Scar tissue, while also made up of collagen proteins, do not connect in the same manner.
Instead, collagen fibbers that make up scars generally connect in long strings. To the naked eye, these fibbers are obviously different than the surrounding healthy skin fibbers. We call this a scar, even though it is technically normal skin fibbers and tissues.
The problems with acne scars can be myriad. In addition to being embarrassing, some scar tissues can restrict movement and cause pain. For someone with severe cystic acne on the back, constrictive scar tissues can make it painful to move their arms or twist at the torso because the skin stretching pulls on the scars.

Healing Acne Scars

Healing acne scars is possible with some creams and other remedies available without a prescription. A popular acne scar healing cream is Mederma®, which is reasonably priced and often recommended by doctors following surgery and severe acne. There are many other creams that accomplish the same, but they all work by softening the scar tissue so that it is more pliable and better blends in with the surrounding skin.
When it comes to healing acne scars with creams, sooner (but not too soon) is better. Once an acne wound has healed and is no longer infected, beginning the use of an acne scar healing cream as soon as possible increases the chances that the scar will be less noticeable. Likewise, using a cream like Mederma® on an old scar offers less chance of further healing (though it is possible).
An important consideration when trying to heal an acne scar is that it will take time. Mederma®, for example, must be used three to four times daily for a period of months before one should expect any improvement. If the acne scar is old, it can take even longer to heal. Even so, improving scar appearance is the best possible result. Only surgical removal can completely get rid of acne scars.
Many home remedies for acne scar healing are available as well but should be tested first to ensure there will be no allergic reaction. The most common at-home remedies for acne scars call for honey or lemon juice, because both works to cleanse and tone the skin. (Lemon juice can also lighten the skin and make the scar less obvious.) You will find several kitchen items may work on scars, including cucumbers, potatoes, strawberries, egg whites, and even yogurt.
Reduce Acne Scars
Reducing acne scars is possible through proper treatment of the skin and attacking acne as soon as it forms. When acne can develop into more severe forms, the chance for scarring greatly increases. Cystic acne, the most common cause of acne scars, can be a serious problem for individuals on its own. Once the cysts heal however, ugly and painful scars can be left in their wake.
Acne scarring can be mostly prevented by preventing acne from worsening in the first place. By stopping the cycle of acne, new breakouts and severity can be greatly limited, allowing the individual more control in reducing the appearance of acne scars.
Regular skin cleansing, exfoliating, and moisturizing is hugely important in reducing acne scar development because these three routines prevent new acne from forming. Cleansing the skin removes excess oil that can block the pores. Exfoliating removes excess dead skin cells that can fall into the pores and trap the oil inside. Moisturizing replaces oils removed during cleansing with non-clogging moisture that protects the integrity of the skin and prevents damage that can also lead to more acne.
Even with regular skin care, it is inevitable for most people that acne will develop from time to time. The trick to reducing acne scars when this happens is to make sure the acne is treated right away. You may use a spot treatment like a benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid gel or a face cleanser containing one of these products. (There are also many home remedies that can help with acne spot treatments.)
When acne develops and can completely run its course, an infection deep within the pore can cause tissue damage. Since the body needs to repair itself, letting these blemished become infect leads to an open wound and scarring. Therefore, it is important when trying to reduce new acne scars that blemishes are treated immediately. If an infection does form, it may be time to visit a dermatologist who can prescribe antibiotic or antiseptic treatments for the problem areas.

How Acne Scars Form

When acne develops in severity and infection is embedded deep within a pore, the tissues and structures inside the pore become damaged. This is due to the infection (and whatever is clogging the pore) putting extreme pressure on the walls of the pore. In some cases of severe cystic acne, this damage is so bad that infection can leak from one pore to another because the walls between the pores are compromised.
Once the infection heals, the body’s natural response is to begin the healing process. This means that the body will send collagen proteins (the same stuff that makes up our skin) to the area with the damage. This is a good thing for the health of our skin, but not so great for its appearance.
When scar tissue forms deep within the pore, it pulls down on scar tissue that forms in the upper part of the pore. The result is a pitted scar that is obvious to the individual and sometimes to the outside world.

How to Treat Acne Scars

Acne scars can be treated through a variety of methods, though few work to fully get rid of acne scars. At best, acne scars can be improved and appear to be less obvious. Because scarring occurs at the surface and deep within the pore, only surgery can truly “remove” an acne scar. However, many other treatments available do significantly reduce the appearance of, and therefore treat, acne scars.

Ways to Treat Acne Scars

There are many ways to treat acne scars that can result in drastic improvement in the appearance of the skin. The most invasive means to treat acne scars involve surgery and medical procedures that must be performed in a doctor’s office. There are also ways to treat scars that allow individuals to treat scars at home without the help of a doctor or dermatologist.
Surgery is the only acne scar treatment option that can truly remove an acne scar entirely. Using a process call excision (or another procedure called punch grafting), a doctor can surgically remove all the scar tissue. While this does create a new wound and a new scar will likely form, the new scar tissue can be better controlled. Doctors may suture the wound closed, which may leave a small line scar in place of large pock marks where ice pick or box car scars were once present.
Alternatively, surgical removal can be followed by a skin grafting procedure in which the doctor affixes a piece of the patient’s skin onto the new wound, allowing it to bond with the other nearby tissue. This may be used in cases of severe, deep acne scarring.
Another surgical procedure is called subcision. Unlike excision, the doctor only cuts away the connective tissue between the upper scar tissue and the deeper underlying tissue. This allows the body to fill the new void with more collagen, thereby raising the level of the scar tissue to the same level as the surrounding skin. In some cases, dermatologists will inject a special filler to raise the scar even more. Dermal fillers can be made of silicone, fats, or collagen.
Microdermabrasion and dermabrasion are procedures in which a doctor uses an exfoliating agent to remove excess collagen from the skin’s surface. This is not a common treatment for acne scars that are depressed beneath the surface of the surrounding skin and is more suited for keloid and hypertrophic scars that sit above the skin’s surface layer. (Although they are often used as cosmetic treatments to help eliminate some minor types of acne.)
Individuals may treat acne scars at home, too. Over the counter creams can help to smooth out the skin’s surface and correct the colouring of scar tissue. They can also make the scar tissue more pliable so that it stretches better with the skin and is therefore less noticeable. Several home remedies, including those that take advantage of the natural healing properties of aloe, honey, and lemon may help reduce the appearance of acne.

Injections for Acne Scars

In cases of severe acne scarring, dermatologists and doctors may recommend an injection that can help get rid of acne scars. Injections that get rid of scars are also known as “dermal fillers” or “acne scar fillers”, if used for this specific purpose.
Many acne scars appear to be sunken beneath the top layer of the skin. The most common type of acne scars, ice pick scars, is the result of damage that has occurred deep within the pores. Where collagen and healing tissues form deep within the pore, the upper layers of scar tissue get tugged down. When the wound is completely healed, this results in a pock mark, or depression in the skin’s appearance.
Dermal fillers work to get rid of the appearance of acne scars by raising the scar tissue to a level that is even with the surrounding skin. In most procedures, doctors will first perform a subcision to allow room for the filler. During this procedure, a thin specialize needle is inserted into the scar at an angle.
This creates a void beneath the surface and cuts the upper scar tissue away from the deeper pore tissue that is pulling it inward. Following a subcision procedure, the doctor can inject a dermal filler or synthetic fats to raise the upper scar tissue. Once the scar tissue is even with the surrounding skin, it can then be lightened and softened to further help to get rid of the acne scar’s appearance on the skin.

Types of Injections that Help to Get Rid of Acne Scars

There are at least three major types of acne scar injections that can work as dermal fillers. These are collagen fillers, fat tissue fillers, and acne silicone fillers.
Collagen fillers are the most used injections to get rid of acne scars. These types of injections work by inserting collagen into the void created during subcision, a substance that would naturally fill the void over time anyway. The brands most often used by doctors are Zyplast®, Cosmoplast®, Zyderm®, and Cosmoderm®.
Fat tissue may also be used to get rid of acne scars or improve the overall appearance of the skin. While there are synthetic fats available, many doctors prefer to use the patient’s own fat for this procedure. Fat is extracted through a needle from a different part of the body and then injected into the void caused by the subcision.
Finally, there are new agents being created for injection into scar tissues. Some doctors are trying out new methods to get rid of acne scars with dermal fillers such as Juvaderm® and Restylane®, which are silicone-based fillers. Other doctors may recommend lactic acid and several other simple substances to fill the void.
All fillers work in the same manner, but not all of them are suitable for all individuals. (Other health complications must be considered before use.) Therefore, dermatologists usually perform an allergy test before treatment to be sure that the person will not experience an adverse reaction.

Acne Scar Removal Creams

Removal creams to get rid of acne scars generally work by changing the colour, texture, and overall appearance of the acne scar. Like other products and procedures, the do not fully remove acne scar tissues. They do work to make them less visible and get rid of acne scar appearance on the face.
Skin creams generally work by improving the appearance of acne scars by softening the upper layer of the scar tissue, making the acne scar less noticeable. Some creams may help to stimulate healthy tissue growth, without the hard-upper layer of the scar. This can help get rid of scars by preventing the deep pits in the skin that are common to this type of scarring.
When choosing a removal cream to get rid of acne scars, it is always a good idea to remember that individual skin types react differently to active and inactive ingredients. While most creams will be non-comedogenic (will not clog pores), some skin types are sensitive to certain ingredients. It is also possible to experience skin irritation or peeling because of an acne scar removal cream, so it can take trial and error to determine which solution is right for an individual.

Types of Removal Creams to Get Rid of Acne Scars

There are many types of removal creams that can help get rid of acne. One of the most popular over the counter varieties is known as Mederma®, a cream or gel that contains Cepalin®. There are many others that can help get rid of acne, as well.
Some creams are expensive (over $100.00) while other creams are more reasonably priced. (Mederma®, for example, costs around $25.00.) While generally more expensive than Mederma®, a typical bottle of Pronexin acne cream will last a few months.
Pronexin is an acne scar removal cream that contains mostly natural ingredients and works by preventing the development of severe acne scarring. The manufacturer recommends using the cream to help get rid of acne as it occurs. Other ingredients help to heal the damage from acne and prevent new scars from forming.
Acnevva is a product that leverages tea tree oil to help get rid of acne scars. It also can help with acne inflammation and irritation, as well as promote healing. Acnevva bottles last around two months.
Revitol acne scar cream is part of the Proactive series of acne care products. Although expensive, the line of products has a proven track record for being effective at treating all phases of acne, including scarring.
Whichever cream the individual chooses, it will take time for the appearance of the scar to change. Creams get rid of acne scars over time, so the longer a cream is used the less apparent the scar will become. While creams do not work to eliminate the scar and may not work on every person, following the label’s instructions for daily use will greatly increase the chances that improvement will occur. Putting a skin cream on open acne sores or one that may become infected does not increase the chances of getting rid of the acne scar, so make sure wounds are completely healed before use.

Surgical Procedures for Acne Scars

Surgery to get rid of acne scars is generally reserved for individuals with severe acne conditions and severe scarring. Also known as excision, surgery for acne scars is a procedure in which doctors cut out acne scars with a scalpel or needle. Doctors may also use a punch biopsy device to carry out the procedure as well.
Excision helps to get rid of acne scars by completely removing them from the body, leaving behind a wound that may heal more pleasingly. However, the primary purpose of this type of procedure is to prevent discomfort and pain that may be caused by severe acne scarring. Excision is usually reserved for getting rid of deep scars, such as ice pick and box car scarring.
To perform an excision, a dermatologist or cosmetic surgeon and staff will put a patient under anaesthesia so that no pain is felt during the procedure. The surgeon will use a surgical instrument (either a needle, scalpel, or punch device) to remove the acne scar and scar tissue from the skin. The skin can then be sutured (stitched), which will leave behind a much less noticeable scar once it has healed.
An alternative form of excision to get rid of acne scars is known as a punch graft. Punch grafting is a surgical procedure which also removes the entire scar from the skin. However, a piece of skin taken from another part of the body is placed on the wound and allowed to heal together with the new wound. It may be stitched or affixed with surgical glue to the wound to keep it in place during the healing process.
Punch grafts to get rid of acne scars carries a risk of discoloration, however, because the skin graft is often from a different area of the body. If this is a concern, cosmetic surgeons may choose to instead use the tissue from the surgery site to cover the wound.

Important Info About Surgery to Get Rid of Acne Scars

Surgery to get rid of acne scars is generally an outpatient procedure with no hospital stay required. It can take up to a week for the wound to heal well enough to remove stitches and another few month for it to heal entirely.
Surgery to get rid of acne scars is a bona fide surgical procedure and carries the same risks as other surgeries. Infections can develop and the immediate scarring of the healed wound may appear to be worse than the original acne scar. (This should fade in time.) There is also a risk of allergic reaction to anaesthesia, though this will typically be eliminated as a possibility before the procedure occurs.
The wound from the surgery may also appear to be much better than the acne scar at first, and then change over time. The skin may begin to separate at the point where the acne scar was removed but follow up corrective surgery is possible to fix the problem.
Honey for Acne Scars
Honey is a widely known herbal remedy for many skin conditions. It is used for eczema, ringworm, acne, and to get rid of acne scars. It mixes well with other herbs and creates a safe base for at-home face masks and acne remedies as well. Honey helps absorb moisture and keeps it close to the skin, which allows it to soften scar tissues, so they are less noticeable. It is also naturally an antioxidant and anti-microbial agent, keeping the skin clear of toxins that can cause new acne to form.
As with any new treatment, and especially at-home natural remedies to get rid of acne scars, it is important to test the natural solution on the skin first. Some people are allergic to certain ingredients when they meet the skin, even if eating an ingredient is no problem. A condition known as contact dermatitis can cause more acne and therefore more scars to form, so it is important to use honey in a hidden area of similar skin before applying it to the face or visible areas.

How to Use Honey to Get Rid of Acne Scars

Honey can be used on its own as a detoxifying face wash or mask but may perform better and get rid of acne scars faster if used in combination with other natural ingredients that help get the job done. For example, mixing honey with yogurt and sandalwood powder (1 tablespoon of each), may significantly soften scar tissue and lighten and areas of the skin that are discoloured by acne scars. Leave the mixture on the area for up to 45 minutes and then rinse away with cool, clean water.
There are also several honey-based herbal solutions for regular skin care routines that can help eliminate acne that causes scarring in the first place. Cucumber and honey can be mixed to create a toner. To get this, just puree a cucumber and mix in 2 tablespoons of honey. Let it dry and then rinse it away.
By mixing oats and a mild exfoliate into the honey, a face-scrub can be created at home in the kitchen as well. This can be created with 1 tablespoon of honey, dry oatmeal, and ground almonds. Wash face with the solution and then rinse it away with cool water.
A cleanser containing honey combines a tablespoon of liquid soap, half cup of glycerin, and one-quarter cups of honey in a smooth, well blended mixture. The solution can be used as any other face wash is used to help prevent acne and smooth acne scars.
Honey can also be combined with lemon juice (a natural skin lightener) and basil or mint leaves to create a daily face treatment that helps reduce scar appearance and keeps the skin clean of toxins. To create this solution, mix 1 teaspoon of basil leaves or mint leaves with 1 tablespoon of honey and five drops of lemon juice (concentrated is okay). Leave the solution on the skin for up to 20 minutes a day to reduce scars.

Lemon Juice for Acne Scars

Lemon juice is a natural remedy for many ailments and is commonly used in skin care regimens. To get rid of acne scars, lemon juice works best on minor scarring and is especially useful when skin discoloration is present because of old acne scars. It can be mixed with a number of other natural agents to maximize the effects of the lemon’s pH properties. It should be noted, however, that lemon juice is also a natural skin lightener. It can cause normal skin to become lighter as well, so apply with care.
It is possible to have an allergic reaction (also known as contact dermatitis) to any substance placed on the skin, especially in the concentrations used to help get rid of acne scars. Testing the effects of lemon juice on a small, inconspicuous area of the skin is recommended for people who have never used lemon juice in the past. Since contact dermatitis can lead to acne and further scarring, lemon juice needs to be tested on an area of the skin that is similar to the skin to be treated, but which is hidden in a place where it can be concealed if necessary.xifying face wash or mask but may perform better and get rid of acne scars faster if used in combination with other natural ingredients that help get the job done. For example, mixing honey with yogurt and sandalwood powder (1 tablespoon of each), may significantly soften scar tissue and lighten and areas of the skin that are discoloured by acne scars. Leave the mixture on the area for up to 45 minutes and then rinse away with cool, clean water.
There are also several honey-based herbal solutions for regular skin care routines that can help eliminate acne that causes scarring in the first place. Cucumber and honey can be mixed to create a toner. To get this, just puree a cucumber and mix in 2 tablespoons of honey. Let it dry and then rinse it away.
By mixing oats and a mild exfoliate into the honey, a face-scrub can be created at home in the kitchen as well. This can be created with 1 tablespoon of honey, dry oatmeal, and ground almonds. Wash face with the solution and then rinse it away with cool water.
A cleanser containing honey combines a tablespoon of liquid soap, half cup of glycerin, and one-quarter cups of honey in a smooth, well blended mixture. The solution can be used as any other face wash is used to help prevent acne and smooth acne scars.
Honey can also be combined with lemon juice (a natural skin lightener) and basil or mint leaves to create a daily face treatment that helps reduce scar appearance and keeps the skin clean of toxins. To create this solution, mix 1 teaspoon of basil leaves or mint leaves with 1 tablespoon of honey and five drops of lemon juice (concentrated is okay). Leave the solution on the skin for up to 20 minutes a day to reduce scars.

How to Use Lemon Juice to Get Rid of Acne Scars

Lemon juice can be used by itself or as part of an herbal solution to help get rid of minor acne scars and skin discoloration. When used alone, a small amount of lemon juice can be used to saturate a cotton ball or cosmetic pad. The saturated applicator can then be used to liberally apply the lemon juice to areas of the skin that are affected by discoloration or acne scars. Rinse the skin after several minutes.
Lemon juice may be mixed with cucumber juice and rose water (equal parts of all) as an herbal solution to help get rid of acne scars. The solution can be applied similarly to lemon juice alone, by using a saturated cotton ball or cosmetic applicator. This solution can be left on the skin for 45 minutes before rinsing it off under cool water.
Egg whites can be combined with lemon juice to create an overnight mask that will help to get rid of acne scars and discoloration, as well as keep the skin clear of toxins and agents that can cause acne in the future. Combine equal parts of egg whites and lemon juice in a bowl and beat with a whisk or blender until the mixture resembles a light pudding (medium thickness). Apply the mixture to the skin and let it rest overnight. Rinse in the morning.
Five drops of lemon juice concentrate when mixed with 1 tablespoon of honey and 1 teaspoon of basil or mint can be applied to the skin for twenty minutes to help reduce acne scars and discoloration. Some experts recommend using one of these solutions on a regular basis to not only get rid of acne scars but prevent new breakouts from forming.

Chemical Peels for Acne Scars

Chemical peels help to get rid of acne scars and discoloration caused by acne by slightly damaging varying layers of the skin and promoting new tissue growth. When the skin is subjected to the damaging effects of acne, the body’s natural healing process replaces the damaged tissue with a collagen protein.
Although this protein also makes up normal skin, the fibbers in the collagen of an acne scar are woven together differently that those which make up a healthy skin layer. This causes the acne scar to appear different than the surrounding skin in colour and in texture. There are four types of acne scars that chemical peels may be able to get rid of.
Hypertrophic scars occur when too much collagen forms in one place; the scar tissue can be raised above the surface layer of skin. Ice pick scars are more common and are “v” shaped pits in the skin. Box car acne scars are squared pits and rolling acne scars are rounded pits. Pits form because the collagen tissue is embedded deep within the pore and beneath the surface of the skin. As the wound heals, the top layer of scar tissue is pulled downward, toward the original site of the skin damage within the pore.

How Chemical Peels Get Rid of Acne Scars

Chemical peels use one of several chemicals to get rid of acne scars. Each type of chemical works at a different level of the dermis. Surface scars (those which rise above the surface of the skin) and acne scar pits may be treated with glycolic acid. Glycolic acid is commonly used for acne, while deeper chemical peels are sued for other skin conditions, including wrinkles, sun damage, precancerous spots, and some types of skin discolorations. (Skin discoloration may be caused by acne, as well.)
Chemical peels allow doctors to damage the skin under extremely controlled circumstances. By applying a chemical to a very specific point on the skin, that part of the skin becomes damaged. Following the chemical peel procedure to get rid of the acne scars, there is a wait period during which the skin attempts to repair itself. This healing process can eliminate the appearance of acne scars over time.
It may be necessary to undergo several chemical peel treatments to get rid of acne scar appearance. However, in nearly all cases, acne scars are permanent and can never be completely removed. Many acne scar treatments are very effective at drastically improving the appearance of the skin, so individuals should talk with a doctor about the right type of treatment for their skin type and scars.
People with severe cystic acne may not be eligible for chemical peel treatments because it is not recommended to use chemicals on an infection. Therefore, chemical peels are not usually used to get rid of acne scars in people with ongoing cystic acne. A type of acne treatment medication known as Accutane can also disqualify an individual for this type of acne scar treatment.

Laser Removal of Acne Scars

Laser acne scar removal treatments are used to minimize or eliminate the appearance of scars on the surface of the skin caused by acne. There are several types of lasers that may be employed by a doctor or dermatologist to help eliminate scars on the skin’s surface and in the underlying tissues.
Acne scars develop from the inside out, so the scar tissue that is present on the skin is often indented beneath the top layer of skin. This makes treating acne scars more difficult. In recent years however, medical scientists have discovered many ways to help the body’s own healing process resolve the appearance of troublesome acne scars.
Through tissue regeneration, lasers can help the skin create more collagen – a type of tissue the body creates to heal and seal wounds. Although lasers are not the best option for raised scarring, most acne scars that appear on the surface of the skin are indented.
By damaging the tissue beneath the upper layer of skin with a laser, doctors induce a healing response that causes more collagen to be produced in the area where the scarring has occurred. As the skin fills with collagen, the scar tissue rises toward the surface of the skin and can leave a flatter surface with no textured scarring.

Types of Lasers for Acne Scar Removal

There are three types of lasers used during acne scar removal and all of them work, essentially, by exposing the skin layers to pulses of light that heat the layers of the skin. Scars that have developed because of too much collagen protein in the skin are ideal candidates for laser acne scar removal.
Non-ablative lasers refer to devices that do not damage the top layer of skin. These lasers direct a specific wavelength at the skin which penetrates deep beneath the surface. (The top layer of skin is typically cooled with a cooling agent during treatment to prevent any damage.) The collagen beneath the upper layer heats up and causes the collagen to become redistributed and evens out the skin’s surface.
Fractional lasers also work based on collagen distribution. However, this laser acne scar treatment works by causing tiny holes to form in the dermis. Collagen naturally fills the hole and new tissues will form. The result is tissue fibber that, over time, can even out the surface of the scar tissue and diminish the appearance of the scar.
Resurfacing lasers stimulate the skin’s natural regeneration processes. Using an ionized gas (also known as plasma), resurfacing laser treatments works best at the surface of the skin and diminishes the appearance of scars on the top layer of the dermis.
Most laser treatments need to be performed multiple times for significant improvement to be noticed. It may also be necessary to undergo other types of treatment in addition to the laser acne scar removal procedures. It takes time for acne scars to fade, even with multiple treatments. Laser acne treatments for scars are often expensive and the body may respond slowly to this type of treatment.

Get Rid of Acne Scars with Microdermabrasion

Microdermabrasion to get rid of acne scars and other types of blemishes on the skin is one of the oldest forms of skin rejuvenation used in modern medicine. While microdermabrasion refers to a very superficial procedure that is generally painless, other types of abrasion techniques that help get rid of acne scars can be effective. Microdermabrasion can help treat some types of acne, as well, before it develops into a worse blemish that may ultimately produce a scar.
Dermal sanding (derma sanding) and motorized dermal abrasion (motorized dermabrasion) work on deeper layers of the skin and are therefore more effective at helping to get rid of acne scars than superficial microdermabrasion in some cases.

How Dermabrasion Helps to Get Rid of Acne Scars

Acne scars form when damage to the surface of the skin or deep within the pore triggers the body’s healing response. Collagen proteins are sent to the area where the damage has occurred and fills in any gaps in the healthy tissue. The collagen proteins used by the body to heal damaged skin tissue is the same type of tissue that all skin is made of, with one primary difference: the way the fibbers connect.
Scar tissues grow in one direction, while normal skin tissues are formed through connections that resemble basket weaving. This critical difference in the way the tissue connects means that scar tissue is more obvious on otherwise healthy skin. Dermal abrasion procedures help to get rid of the acne scars by causing the skin to grow in a more organized fashion, therefore reducing the appearance of scars.
How it Works:
All types of dermal abrasion work the same way: by removing a layer of the skin so that new tissue can from in its place. Acne scars may develop at varying depths, so abrasion techniques that address tissues at the proper depth are important. To get rid of acne scars with abrasion techniques, doctors will typically choose from one of the following procedures.
Microdermabrasion – A superficial sanding of the top layer of skin, generally using crystals that are projected at the skin at high speeds. They are immediately vacuumed away and do not remain on the skin following the procedure. This type of treatment is generally painless and leaves little effect on the skin, though many people can feel the difference in their skin; it is not always a visible change.
Derma sanding – This type of treatment gets rid of acne scars by exfoliating the skin at a deeper layer in the dermis. A doctor uses a special type of sandpaper to remove layers of skin and promoting the body to create new skin in that area. It can take some time for the skin to heal and a topical anaesthetic may be used to help control pain.
Motorized Dermabrasion – Similar to derma sanding, this type of treatment employs a motorized tool with a brush of diamond dusted tip affixed to remove even deeper layers of skin. As the most invasive way to get rid of acne scars though abrasion, patients need to go under anaesthesia to control pain and face months of healing following the procedure.

Home Remedies for Acne Scars

Some home remedies for acne scars are widely known to be effective at dramatically reducing the appearance of acne scars and helping to fade the embarrassment that may come with them. Honey and lemon are two very common ingredients in acne scar home remedies that are easily mixed with other herbs to help speed up the time it takes for a scar to fade.
While not all acne scars can be faded (severe scarring needs medical attention), many types of acne scars benefit greatly from exposure to ingredients that most people have at home in their kitchens. While lemon and honey get the most credit when it comes to all types of skin care, there are many other ingredients that can do much to help with acne scars.
As a rule, always perform an allergy test before applying a home remedy (or any medication) to the skin on your face or neck, which is more sensitive to acids. Apply the remedy to a small spot in an inconspicuous place on the skin at least 24 hours before using it on a broader area. For the day, just monitor the spot and make sure no allergic reaction occurs. (This can lead to more acne and more scars.)

To start with the superstars of skin care, lemons are a great way to reduce acne scar appearance anywhere on the skin. They also help with discoloration that may happen after acne has healed. The deep reds and purple spots on the skin can be lightened with just a few dabs of lemon juice each day. (You can leave the juice on and let it dry or rinse it away in about twenty minutes.

Equal parts lemon juice and egg whites can make an at home mask that can change the appearance of acne scars, too. By beating the eggs and lemon juice to a custard-like consistency, it is possible to create a mask that can be worn overnight. Just be sure to rinse it off in the morning.
Honey is hailed for its antioxidant and antibacterial properties and is a great skin care product when used properly. Honey can be mixed with oats to make a scrub or mixed with glycerine and soap to make a face wash. Mixing it with pureed cucumber is known to make a good toner, too.
As a home remedy for acne scars, some people mix 1 tablespoon each of honey, yogurt, and sandalwood powder to create a scar treatment serum. Put the solution on the scar and let it sit for about 45 minutes before rinsing it off.
Lemon juice and honey can also be used together. A popular home remedy for acne scars calls for one teaspoon of basil, one tablespoon of honey, and five drops of lemon juice applied to an acne scar for twenty minutes. Then, rinse it off with cool water and repeat daily. (You can also create an acne scar home remedy by replacing the basil with cooling mint leaves that will leave the area very refreshed.)