There are plenty of ways to get rid of acne scars, not all acne scars can be treated without surgery. A surgical procedure known as excision is the most effective method to get rid of acne scars because a doctor cuts the scar tissue away from the skin and allows the skin to heal again. Usually, stitches or a skin graft are placed over the new wound to promote healing a way that minimizes scarring.
Over-the-counter creams are a great way to get rid of acne scars and discoloration. Products like Mederma® can help eliminate the appearance of scars. Several home remedies offer the same benefit: including honey and lemon juice.
Another surgical procedure known as minor surgical procedure works by promoting new scar tissue growth underneath the top layer of the scar; therefore, pushing the tissue closer to the surface. This works well on most depressed types of scars. Instead of cutting out the scar tissue however, a doctor will insert a needle into the scar at an angle and detach the internal structure of the scar from the base of the pore, allowing the new collagen to fill in the void.
Laser treatments work similarly to minor surgical procedure and damage the scar tissue deep within the scar. To get rid of the acne scars, lasers cause new collagen to form in the voids caused by the lasers and can effectively raise pitted scars to the level of the skin’s surface.
Injections are sometimes used in conjunction with minor surgical procedure. After the scar tissue has been disconnected under the surface of the scar, doctors can inject a filler (known as a dermal filler) into the void to raise the scar to surface level. Most commonly, dermal fillers are made up of collagen or silicone. In some cases, the patient’s own body fat can be used as a filler.
Other medical treatments that do not involve cutting the scar can be carried out in a dermatologist’s office. Abrasion techniques (microdermabrasion and dermabrasion) are used to sand down any excess collagen that has caused a scar to be raised above the skin. (Also known as a hypertrophic scar.) Chemical peels work in a similar fashion but employ acidic chemicals for the purpose of peeling away the top layer of skin. (These are effective with discoloration as well.)